It was recently questioned by Giles Bathgate as to why I don’t use the AC motor to drive the auger in the granular extruder. My first response was that I couldn’t adjust its speed and it would be difficult to gear down. However after some more time to think about the problem it became clear that the constant speed induction motor may be perfect for producing constant diameter filament. So it was decided that I would try to gear down the motor. Wanting to use as much of the existing drill press parts as possible I opted for a single, second stage reduction, located between its original two belt pulleys. However, the first task was to change the direction of the AC motor on the drill press. As it was, it would drive the plastic granules up out of the extruder rather than down. Unfortunately, as its an AC motor it wasn’t as simple as swapping the polarity of the input leads. The motor casing had to be physically opened and the start winding found. This is the winding that connects to the star capacitor and to the common. The polarity of these was then swapped before being reassembled.Next I cut a section of plywood into a rough circular shape before smoothing it down on a sander. This would become the large pulley wheel on the first stage reduction. The finishing touch was added by mounting it in the drill press before pressing a rasp against it to round it out. Then the same process was used but with a round file to add a groove where the pulley would sit. A second smaller wheel was also made in the same way. This was all then forced onto a onto a tube which held tight. Next I added a plate onto the top of the drill press that had previously had its cover removed from. Onto this plate I added two bearings sandwiched into a drilled groove between two pieces of the same plywood used for the pulley wheels. The shaft with the pulleys on them then slid into the bearings finishing the second stage reduction. It doesn’t look very attractive but it gets the job done. For those interested, the ‘belts’ are are just plastic cord which was joined by melting the two ends with a lighter and pressing them together. I estimate the total reduction to be around 8.5:1. So this reduces the 1400RPM 250watt AC motor down to around 165RPM. Still a little higher than I would prefer, but it will have to do. When I get some more time I will hook it up to the extruder and test it out. Then onto an automated collection spindle to coil the filament as its extruded unattended.
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- Stepper motors or a BLDC servo motors? Which is better and when to use them.
- Modifying Marlin Firmware to work with a TandemB
- Construction of a TandemB Prototype
- Working in Tandem – Unconventional XY-axis layouts for 3D printing, laser cutting, CNC milling, engraving or pick and place.
- Bootstrapping a pen plotter to make a 3d printer
- The ideal shape for a multirotor ‘ducted-fan’ that can dramatically improve thrust and flight time.
- Breaking through the 2 hour barrier – Maximising efficiency to achieve the longest flight time of an electric multirotor (quadcopter)
- One step conversion of an image to gcode for Makerbot Unicorn and Reprap style 3D Printers
- DIY Dual H-Bridge to control a Pen Plotter
- Old-school Scientific Pen Plotter Teardown
- Playing around with a heated chamber design.
- MIT: 3-D printing with variable densities
- Mike Biddle: We can recycle plastic
- Printable PCB motor?
- Cryogenic Granular Grinding
- Drawing gears in Sketchup.
- 2011 – The year of the 3D printer?
- IceRap – Water deposition for ice printing?
- Constructing the ‘gunstrap’
- Rethinking the Mantis Repstrap.
- How to use cad.py.
- Using cad.py on a Windows PC
- CNC milling with RAMPS.
- Making endstops from printer photo interrupters.
- Printer Parts + Time = Repstrap.